dmli

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FATF Recommendation को नेपाली अनुवाद (Unofficial)

 ljQLo sf/afxL sfo{bn -FATF_ sf l;kmfl/;x?

 

s= ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0fsf] gLlt tyf ;dGjo M

!= hf]lvd d"Nof+sg tyf hf]lvddf cfwfl/t b[li6sf]0f nfu" ug]{

/fi6«x?n] cfˆgf] /fi6«sf] xsdf ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f tyf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL hf]lvdsf] cj:yf klxrfg, d"Nof+sg tyf jf]w ug{'k5{ / To:tf] hf]lvd k|efjsf/L ?kdf 36fpg] p2]Zon] hf]lvd d"Nof+sg tyf ;|f]t kl/rfng ug{] clek|fon] sfd sf/afxL ;+of]hg ug{ lgsfo jf ;+oGq tf]Sg] nufotsf sfd sf/afxL ug{'k5{ . To:tf] d"Nof+sgsf] cfwf/df /fi6«n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f tyf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL ug]{ sfo{ 36]sf] jf lgjf/0f ePsf] ;'lglZlrt ug{sf] nflu klxrfg ul/Psf]  hf]lvdsf] cg'kftdf hf]lvddf cfwfl/t b[li6sf]0f nfu" ug'{k5{ . ljQLo sf/afxL sfo{bnsf ;a} l;kmfl/;sf] xsdf hf]lvddf cfwfl/t pkfosf] sfo{fGjog ug{ / ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f tyf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f k|0ffnLdf ;|f]t, ;fwgsf] k|efjsf/L ljt/0f ug]{ ;DaGwdf of] b[li6sf]0f Pp6f dxTjk"0f{ cfwf/ x'g'k5{ . pRr hf]lvd klxrfg u/]sf]df /fi6«x?n]] cfkm"n] ckgfPsf] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f k|0ffnL k"0f{tof ;xL ?kdf To:tf] hf]lvd ;Daf]wg ug{ ;jn ePsf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ . Go"g hf]lvd klxrfg u/]sf]df /fi6«x?n]] s]xL lglZrt zt{df ljQLo sf/afxL sfo{bnsf l;kmfl/; sfof{GjognfO{ ;/nLs[t pkfo nfu" ug]{ lg0f{o ug{ ;S5g\ .

/fi6«x?n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f tyf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgLsf] hf]lvd klxrfg, d"Nof+sg / Go"gLs/0f ug{ ljQLo ;+:yf tyf tf]lsPsf u}/ljQLo k]zfsdL{ jf Joj;foLx?n] k|efjsf/L sfd sf/afxL ug{'kg{] u/L Joj:yf ug{' kg{]5 . 

@=    /fli6«o ;xof]u / ;dGjo

/fi6«x?n] klxrfg u/]sf hf]lvdåf/f ;"lrt ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f tyf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f ;DaGwL /fli6«o gLlt cjnDag u/L ;f]sf] lgoldt ?kdf k'g/fjnf]sg ug{'k5{ / To:tf] gLltsf] ;DaGwdf ;dGjosf] nflu s'g} Ps lgsfo jf cGo lhDd]jf/ ;+oGq tf]Sg'k5{ .

 

/fi6«x?n] gLlt lgdf{tf, ljQLo hfgsf/L OsfO{, sfg"g sfof{Gjog ug]{ lgsfo, ;'kl/j]Ifs tyf gLlt lgdf{0f / kl/rfng txdf /x]sf cGo ;DalGwt ;Ifd lgsfox?df ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f, cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL tyf cfd ljgf;sf/L xftxltof/sf] lj:tf/df x'g] nufgL lj?4 n8\g] gLlt / lqmofsnfksf] ljsf; tyf sfof{Gjogsf] ;DaGwdf /fli6«o txdf Ps csf{nfO{ ;xof]u ug{ / pko'{Qmfg';f/ ;dGjo ug{ cfjZos kg{] k|efjsf/L ;+oGq ljBdfg /x]sf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ .

 

v=    ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / hkmt

#= ;DklQ z'4Ls/0fsf] ck/fw

/fi6«x?n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0fnfO{ leofgf dxf;lGw / kfn]df]{ dxf;lGwsf] cfwf/df ck/fwsf] ?kdf kl/eflift ug'{k5{ . ;Da4 s;"/sf] km/flsnf] bfo/f ;dfj]z ug]{ p2]Zon] /fi6«x?n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0fsf] ck/fwnfO{ ;a} uDeL/ ck/fwsf] xsdf nfu" ug'{k5{ .

 

$= hkmt tyf cNksfnLg pkfox?

/fi6«x?sf] ;Ifd lgsfon] lgbf]{if t]:f|f] kIfsf] clwsf/df k|lts"n k|efj gkg]{ u/L] b]xfosf ;DklQ /f]Ssf, lgoGq0f / hkmt ug{;Sg] u/L leofgf dxf;lGw, kn]df]{ dxf;lGw / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL bdg ;DaGwL dxf;lGwdf Joj:yf ul/P ;/xsf sfg"gL pkfo nufotsf pkfox? cjnDag ug'{k5{ M–

-s_ z'4Ls/0f ul/Psf] ;DklQ,

-v_ ;DklQ z'4Ls/0fsf] s;"/ jf ;Da4 s;"/ ug{df k|of]u ul/Psf] jf k|of]u ug{ vf]lhPsf] s;"/hGo ;DklQ jf ;fwg,

-u_ cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgLsf] nflu jf cftÍsf/L sfo{ jf cftÍjfbL ;+u7gn] k|of]u u/]sf] jf k|of]u ug{ vf]h]sf] jf k|of]u ug{ 5'6\ofOPsf] ;DklQ, jf

-3_ To:t} d"No a/fa/sf] cGo ;DklQ .

 

To:tf pkfox?df /fi6«x?sf] ;Ifd lgsfon] b]xfosf sfo{ ;d]t ug{ ;Sg] Joj:yf klg ;dfj]z ug'{k5{ M -s_ hkmt x'g] ;DklQ vf]Hg], klxrfg ug]{ / d"NofÍg ug]{, -v_ ;DklQsf] s'g} sf/f]af/, :yfgfGt/0f jf lgM;u{ ug{] sfo{ /f]Sgsf] nflu To:tf] ;DklQ /f]Ssf jf lgoGq0f ug]{ h:tf cGt/sflng sfg"gL pkfo cjnDag ug]{, -u_ hkmt x'g] ;DklQ /f]Ssf jf lgoGq0f jf k|flKt ug]{ /fHosf] ;Ifdtfdf k|lts"n k|efj kfg]{ sfd sf/afxL lgjf/0f jf jb/ ug]{, -3_ cGo s'g} pko'Qm cg';GwfgfTds pkfo cjnDag ug]{ .

 

cfkm\gf] /fli6«o sfg"gsf l;¢fGtx? cg's'n x'g] xb;Dd kmf}hbf/L cleof]u k|dfl0ft geO{sg hkmt x'g;Sg] To:tf] s;"/hGo ;DklQ jf ;fwg hkmt -lagf cleof]udf cfwfl/t hkmt_ ug{ ;Sg] jf hkmt x'g] egL bfjL ul/Psf] ;DklQsf] j}w pTklQ s;"/bf/n] k|dfl0ft ug'{ kg]{ Joj:yf ug]{ pkfox? cjnDag ug]{ tkm{ /fi6«x?n] ljrf/ ug'{k5{ .

 

u=    cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL / cfdljgf;sf/L xftxltof/sf] lj:tf/df x'g] nufgL

%= cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL ;DaGwL ck/fw

/fi6«x?n] cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL bdg ;DaGwL dxf;lGwsf] cfwf/df cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgLnfO{ ck/fwsf] ?kdf kl/eflift ug'{k5{, / cftÍsf/L sfo{df ljQLo nufgLnfO{ dfq geO{ s'g} ljz]if cftÍsf/L sfo{ jf sfo{x?;Fu ;DaGw gePsf cftÍjfbL ;+u7g / cftÍsf/L JolQmnfO{ ug{] ljQLo nufgLnfO{ ;d]t ck/fwsf] ?kdf kl/eflift ug'{k5{ . /fi6«x?n] To:tf ck/fwnfO{ ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f ck/fwsf] ;Da4 s;"/sf] ?kdf kl/eflift ul/Psf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ .

 

^= cftÍjfb / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL;Fu ;DalGwt nlIft ljQLo sf/afxL M

/fi6«x?n] cftÍjfb / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgLsf] lgoGq0f / bdg ;DaGwL ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3Lo ;'/Iff kl/ifb\sf] k|:tfjsf] kl/kfngf ug{ nlIft ljQLo sf/afxL k|0ffnLsf] sfof{Gjog ug'{k5{ . oL k|:tfjx?n] /fi6«x?nfO{ -!_ ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3sf] a8fkqsf] kl/R5]b & cGtu{t ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3Lo ;'/Iff kl/ifb\n] lbPsf] clwsf/åf/f lgwf{/0f ul/Psf] k|:tfj g+ !@^& -!(((_ / To;sf kl5sf k|:tfjx?af6 jf, -@_ k|:tfj g+ !#&# -@))!_ adf]lhd sf]if jf cGo ;DklQ lagf s'g} l9nfO{ /f]Ssf ug{ / tf]lsPsf] s'g} JolQm / lgsfonfO{ jf lghsf] lxtsf] nflu k|ToIf jf ck|ToIf ?kdf To:tf] sf]if jf ;DklQ pknAw gu/fOPsf] ;'lglZrt ug]{ bfloTj l;h{gf u/]sf 5g\ .

 

&= cfdljgf;sf/L xftxltof/sf] lj:tf/df x'g] nufgL;Fu ;DalGwt nlIft ljQLo sf/afxL

/fi6«x?n] cfd ljgf;sf/L xftxltof/sf] lj:tf/df x'g] nufgL lgjf/0f, bdg / cj/f]w ;DaGwL ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3Lo ;'/Iff kl/ifb\sf] k|:tfjsf] kl/kfng ug{ nlIft ljQLo sf/afxL sfof{Gjog ug'{ k5{ . oL k|:tfjx?n] ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3sf] a8fkqsf] kl/R5]b & cGtu{t ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3Lo ;'/Iff kl/ifb\n] tf]s]sf] jf ;f]sf] clVtof/L cGtu{tsf] s'g} JolQm jf lgsfonfO{ jf ltgsf] lxtsf] nflu k|ToIf jf ck|ToIf ?kdf s'g} sf]if jf cGo ;DklQ pknAw gu/fOPsf] ;'lglZrt ug]{ / To:tf JolQm jf lgsfosf] sf]if jf ;DklQ lagf s'g} l9nfO{ /f]Ssf ug'{kg]{ /fi6«x?sf] bfloTj l;h{gf u/]sf 5g\ . 

 

*= u}/gfkmfd"ns ;+u7g

/fi6«x?n] cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL b'?kof]u ug{ hf]lvdo'Qm u}/gfkmfd"ns ;+u7g;Fu ;DalGwt sfg"g / lgodx? kof{Kt eP gePsf] k'g/fjnf]sg ug'{k5{ . /fi6«x?n] hf]lvddf cfwfl/t b[li6sf]0faf6 To:tf u}/gfkmfd"ns ;+:yfx?nfO{  cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgLsf] b'?kof]uaf6 arfpg b]xfosf nufot k|lta4 / ;dfg'kflts pkfo cjnDag ug'{k5{ M

-s_ cftÍsf/L ;+u7gåf/f To:tf ;+u7gx? j}w lgsfosf] ?kdf b'?kof]u ug{ g;lsg],

-v_ ;DklQ /f]Ssf ug{] pkfoaf6 pDsg] ;d]t p2]Zon] cftÍsf/L sfo{df ljQLo nufgL ug]{ sfo{sf] dfWodsf] ?kdf To:tf ;+u7gx?nfO{ j}w lgsfosf] ?kdf b'?kof]u ug{ g;lsg], /

-u_ uf]Ko ?kdf kl/jt{g ul/Psf] sf]if n'sfO{ jf l5kfO{ j}w agfpg] p2]Zon]  cftÍsf/L ;+u7gn] b'?kof]u ug{ g;Sg] .

 

3=    lg/f]wfTds pkfo

  (= ljQLo ;+:yfsf] uf]klgotf ;DaGwL sfg"g

/fi6«x?n] ljQLo ;+:yfsf] uf]kgLotf ;DaGwL sfg"gn] ljQLo sf/afxL sfo{bnsf]  l;kmfl/; sfof{Gjogdf /f]sfj6 gug]{ s'/f ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ .

 

u|fxssf] klxrfg / clen]v ;+/If0f

!)= u|fxssf] klxrfg

ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] a]gfdL vftf jf :ki6 ?kdf sfNklgs gfddf vftf ;~rfng ug{ gkfpg] u/L lgif]w ug'{k5{ .

b]xfosf] cj:yfdf ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] u|fxssf] klxrfg ug'{k5{ M

-!_   Jofkfl/s ;DaGw :yfkgf ubf{,

-@_   cfsl:ds ?kdf b]xfo adf]lhd sf/f]af/ ubf{ M -s_ tf]lsPsf] pko'Qm  ;Ldf eGbf dfly -!%,))). cd]l/sL 8n/÷o"/f]_ jf, -v_ l;kmfl/; !^ sf] JofVofTds l6Kk0fLdf ;d]l6Psf kl/l:yltdf ePsf To:tf jfo/ 6«fG;km/,

-#_   ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f jf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL ePsf] cfz+sf ePdf, jf

-$_ klxn] lnPsf] u|fxs klxrfgsf] tYof+ssf] ;Totf jf kof{Kttfsf] af/]df ljQLo ;+:yfnfO{ z+sf ePdf .

ljQLo ;+:yfn] ;~rfng ug]{ u|fxssf] klxrfg -s:6d/ 8\o" l8lnh]G;_ sf] Joj:yf sfg"gdf ul/Psf] x'g'k5{ eGg] l;4fGt 5 . k|To]s /fi6«n] sfg"gåf/f jf nfu" ug{ ;lsg] ;fwgåf/f s;/L u|fxssf] klxrfg -s:6d/ 8\o" l8lnh]G;_ ug{ ;lsG5 eGg] s'/fsf] lgwf{/0f ug{ ;Sg]5 .

u|fxssf] klxrfg -s:6d/ 8\o" l8lnh]G;_ ug{ cjnDag ul/g] pkfo b]xfo adf]lhd 5g\M

-s_ u|fxssf] klxrfg ug]{ / To:tf] u|fxssf] klxrfgnfO{ ljZj;gLo, :jtGq b:tfj]hsf] ;|f]t, tYofFs / ;"rgfsf] k|of]u u/L hfFr ug]{,

-v_ jf:tljs wgL klxrfg / To:tf] jf:tljs wgLsf] klxrfg hfFr ug{ plrt pkfo ckgfpg] h;n] ubf{ jf:tljs wgL sf] xf] eGg] s'/fdf ljQLo ;+:yf ;Gt'i6 x'g ;sf];\ . sfg"gL JolQm / sfg"gL k|aGwsf] xsdf u|fxssf] :jfldTj / lgoGq0f ;+/rgfsf] af/]df ljQLo ;+:yfnfO{ hfgsf/L x'g ;Sg] pkfo ;d]t ;dfj]z ug{],

-u_        Jofkfl/s ;DaGwsf] k|of]hg / nlIft k|s[lt a'‰g cfjZos / pko'Qm ;"rgf k|fKt ug{],

-3_ u|fxssf ;DaGwdf cfkm";Fu /x]sf] hfgsf/L lghsf] Joj;fo jf hf]lvd ;DaGwL ljj/0f / cfjZostf cg';f/ sf]ifsf] ;|f]t cg'?k sf/f]af/ eP gePsf] ;'lglZrt ug{ lgh;Fu Jofj;flos ;DaGw sfod /x];Dd lg/Gt/ u|fxs klxrfg -cguf]Oª s:6d/ 8\o" l8lnh]G;_ ug]{ .

 

ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] dflysf a'Fbf -s_ b]lv -3_ cGtu{t ;a} u|fxssf] klxrfg -s:6d/ 8\o" l8lnh]G;_ sf pkfo nfu" ug{' kg{]5 . t/ ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] l;kmfl/; ! / of] l;kmfl/;sf] JofVofTds l6Kk0fL adf]lhd hf]lvddf cfwfl/t b[li6sf]0f ckgfO{ To:tf pkfosf] xb lgwf{/0f ug'{kg{]5 .

ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] Jofkfl/s ;DaGw :yfkgf ubf{ jf ;f] cl3 jf cfsl:ds ?kdf cfpg] u|fxs;Fu sf/f]af/ ;~rfng ubf{  u|fxs / jf:tljs wgLsf] klxrfg / ;f]sf] hfFr ug{'k5{ . ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgLsf] hf]lvd k|efjsf/L ?kdf Jojl:yt ul/Psf]  / Joj;fosf] ;fdfGo ;~rfngdf cj?4 ug{ cfjZos gePsf] cj:yfdf /fi6«x?n] To:tf ljQLo ;+:yfnfO{ ;DaGw :yfkgf eO;s]kl5 dgfl;a ?kn] Jojxfl/s x'g] u/L oyfzSo l56f] hfFr ul/;Sg' kg{] u/L cg'dlt lbg ;Sg]5g\ .

ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] ckgfpg'kg{] dfly v08 -s_ b]lv -3_ df plNnlvt zt{x?         -hf]lvddf cfwfl/t b[li6sf]0fsf] cfwf/df pkfox?sf] pko'Qm ;+zf]wgsf] clwgdf /xL_ kl/kfng ug{ c;Ifd ePsf] cj:yfdf To:tf ljQLo ;+:yfn] vftf ;~rfng ug{, Jofj;flos ;DaGw k|f/De ug{' jf sf/f]af/ ug'{ xF'b}g jf Jofj;flos ;DaGw cGTo ug'{k5{, / To:tf u|fxssf] ;DaGwdf z+sf:kb sf/f]af/ ;DaGwL k|ltj]bg lbg] tkm{ ljrf/ ug'{k5{ .

 

oL zt{x? ;a} gofF u|fxsx?sf] xsdf nfu" ug'{k5{ . ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] oL zt{x? tflTjs ?kdf / hf]lvdsf] cfwf/df ljBdfg u|fxsx?sf] xsdf ;d]t nfu" ug'{k5{ . ;fy} ljBdfg ;DaGwsf af/]df pko'Qm ;dodf u|fxssf] klxrfg ug{'k5{ .

 

!!= clen]v /fVg]

;Ifd lgsfoaf6 cg'/f]w ul/Psf ;"rgfx? l56f] 5l/tf] tj/n] pknAw u/fpg ;Sg] u/L ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] b'j} cfGtl/s / cGt/f{li6«o sf/]af/ ;DaGwL ;a} cfjZos clen]v sDtLdf kfFr jif{;Dd b'?:t /fVg'k5{ . cfjZostfg';f/ kmf}hbf/L sfo{sf] cleof]hgsf] nflu k|df0f pknAw u/fpg] p2]Zon] To:tf clen]vx? JolQmut sf/f]af/sf] k'glg{df{0f -s'g} d'b|f ;dfj]z ePsf] eP ;f] d'b|fsf] k|sf/ / kl/df0f ;d]t_ ug{ ;lsg] u/L kof{Kt x'g'k5{ .

ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] u|fxs klxrfgsf pkfox?åf/f k|fKt ul/Psf ;a} clen]vx? -h:t}, /fxbfgL, kl/rokq, ;jf/L rfns cg'dltkq jf To:t} k|sf/sf sfuhft h:tf ;/sf/L klxrfgsf clen]v jf k|lt_, n]vf ;DaGwL sfuhft, kmfOn / Jofkfl/s kqfrf/ Pj+ ljZn]if0f ul/Psf] eP ;f]sf] glthf -h:t}, hl6ntf / c:jefljs 7"nf sf/f]af/sf] p2]Zo / e"ldsf :yflkt ug{ ul/Psf ;f]wk'5_ Joj;flos ;DaGw ;dfKt ePsf] ldltn] jf cfsl:ds sf/f]af/ ePsf] ldltn] sDtLdf kfFr jif{;Dd ;'/lIft /fVg'k5{ .

ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] sf/f]af/sf] clen]v / u|fxssf] klxrfg -s:6'd/ 8\o" l8lnh]G;_ sf] pkfoåf/f k|fKt ul/Psf ;"rgfx? ;'/lIft /fVg'kg{] u/L sfg"gL Joj:yf ug{'k5{ .

 

u|fxssf] klxrfg -s:6d/ 8\o" l8lnh]G;_ sf] ;"rgf / sf/f]af/sf] clen]v pko'Qm lgsfo dfkm{t /fli6«o ;Ifd lgsfonfO{ pknAw u/fpg' k5{ .

 

ljz]if u|fxs / lqmofsnfksf nflu cltl/Qm pkfox?

!@= pRr kb:y JolQmx?

ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] pRr kb:y ljb]zL JolQmx? -u|fxs jf jf:tljs wgL_ sf] ;DaGwdf, u|fxssf] klxrfg -s:6'd/ 8\o" l8lnh]G;_ sf] cltl/Qm b]xfosf sfo{ ug{'k5{ M

-s_ u|fxs jf jf:tljs wgL pRr kb:y JolQm xf] jf xf]Og eGg] s'/fsf] lgwf{/0f ug{ pko'Qm hf]lvd Joj:yfkg k|0ffnL :yflkt ug]{

-v_ To:tf] Joj;flos ;DaGw :yfkgf ug{ -jf ljBdfg u|fxssf] lg/Gt/tfsf] nflu_ pRr Joj:yfkgsf] cg'dlt k|fKt ug]{,

-u_   ;DklQsf] :f|f]t / sf]ifsf] ;|f]t :Yfflkt ug{ d'gfl;a pkfo cjnDag ug{], /

-3_ Jofkfl/s ;DaGwsf] j[xt\ lg/Gt/ cg'udg ug{] .

ljQLo ;:+yfx?n] s'g} u|fxs jf jf:tljs wgL :jb]zL pRr kb:y JolQm xf] jf lgh cGt/f{li6«o ;+u7gsf] of To:tf] ;+u7gsf] vf; sfdsf] lhDd]jf/L lnPsf] JolQm xf] jf xf]Og eGg] s'/fsf] lgwf{/0f ug{ d'gfl;a pkfox? cjnDag ug{'k5{ . To:tf]] JolQm;Fu pRr hf]lvdo'Qm Jofj;flos ;DaGw ePsf] v08df ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] cg'R5]b -v_, -u_ / -3_ df pNn]v ul/Psf pkfox? cjnDjg ug'{k5{ .

pRr kb:y ;a} lsl;dsf JolQmx?sf xsdf nfu" x'g] zt{x? To:tf JolQmsf kl/jf/sf ;b:o jf lgs6 ;DaGw ePsf JolQmx?sf xsdf klg nfu" x'g]5g\ .

 

!#=  s/:kf]G8]G6 -k|ltlglw_ a}+lsË

;Ldfkf/ s/:kf]G8]G6 a}+lsË / o:t} cGo ;DaGwsf jf/]df ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] ;fdfGo u|fxs klxrfgsf pkfox?sf cltl/Qm b]xfosf sfo{ ug{'k5{M 

-s_  /]:kf]G8]G6 ;+:yfsf] Joj;fosf] k|s[lt k"0f{ ?kn] a'‰g / To:tf] ;+:yf lj?4 ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f jf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL ;DaGwL jf lgodgsf/L sf/jfxL rn] jf grn]sf] s'/f nufot ;f] ;+:yfsf] Voflt ;fj{hlgs ?kdf pknAw ;"rgfsf cfwf/sf lgwf{/0f ug{ To:tf] ;+:yfsf] af/]df kof{Kt ;"rgf, hfgsf/L ;+sng ug{],

-v_ /]:kf]G8]G6 ;+:yfsf] ;DkQL z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f lgoGq0f k|0ffnLsf] d"Nof+sg ug]{,

-u_  gofF s/]:kf]G8]G6 ;DaGw :yfkgf ug'{ k"j{ pRr Joj:yfkgaf6 cg'dlt k|fKt ug]{,

-3_ k|To]s ;+:yfsf] cf–cfˆgf] lhDd]jf/L :ki6 ?kdf a'‰g], /

-ª_   vftf dfkm{t ul/g] e'QmfgLsf] ;Gbe{df, /]:kf]G8]G6 a}+sn] s/]:kf]G8]G6 a}+ssf] vftfdf k|ToIf kx'Fr ePsf] u|fxssf] klxrfg u/]sf] s'/fdf ;Gt'i6 x'g], / To:tf] a+}sn] cg'/f]w ul/Psf] avt ;Da4 u|fxssf] klxrfg ;DaGwL ;"rgf s/]:kf]G8]G6 a}+snfO{ pknAw u/fpg ;Ifd /x]sf] s'/fdf ;Gt'i6 x'g] .

ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] z]n a}+s;Fu s/]:kf]G8]G6 a}+lsÍ ;DaGw /fVg jf To:tf] ;DaGwnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg gkfpg] u/L lgif]w ug'{ k5{ . ljQLo ;+:yfx? /]:kf]G8]G6 ;+:yfn] cfkm\gf] vftf z]n a}+snfO{ k|of]u ug{ cg'dlt glbPsf] s'/fdf :jo+df ;Gt'i6 x'g'k5{ .

 

!$= d'b|f jf d"No :yfgfGt/0f ;]jf

/fi6«x?n] d'b|f jf d"No :yfgfGt/0f ;]jf k|bfg ug]{ k|fs[lts jf sfg"gL JolQmx?n] Ohfhtkq k|fKt u/]sf jf btf{ ePsf / ljQLo sf/afxL sfo{bnsf] l;kmfl/;df cfXjfg ul/Psf ;Da4 pkfox?sf] kl/kfngf ;'lglZrt ug{] k|efjsf/L cg'udg k|0ffnLsf] cwLgdf /x]sf] ;'lglZrt ug{] pkfox? cjnDag ug'{k5{ . /fi6«x?n] Ohfht glnO{ jf btf{ gu/fO{ d'b|f jf d"No :yfgfGt/0fsf] sfd ug]{ k|fs[lts jf sfg"gL JolQmsf] klxrfg ug{] / pko'Qm sf/afxL x'g] Joj:yf ug'{k5{ .

Ph]G6sf] ?kdf sfd ul//x]sf] s'g} klg sfg"gL jf k|fs[lts JolQmn] ;Ifd lgsfoåf/f Ohfhtkq k|fKt u/]sf] jf ;f] lgsfodf To:tf] JolQm btf{ ePsf] x'g'k5{, jf d'b|f jf d"No :yfgfGt/0fsf] ;]jf k|bfosn] cfkm\gf Ph]G6sf] jf d'b|f jf d"No :yfgfGt/0fsf] ;]jf k|bfossf] ;"rL ;Ifd lgsfoåf/f kxF'rof]Uo x'g] u/L b'?:t cj:yfdf /fVg' kg]{5 . /fi6«x?n] Ph]G6 dfkm{t d'b|f jf d"No :yfgfGt/0f ;]jf k|bfosnfO{ ;DkQL z'4Ls/0f tyf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f sfo{qmddf ;dfj]z ug{ / tL sfo{qmdsf] kl/kfngfsf] cg'udg u/]sf] ;'lglZrt ug{sf] nflu pkfox? cjnDag ug'{k5{ . 

 

!%=gofF k|ljlwx?

/fi6«x? / ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] -s_ gofF pTkfbgsf] ljsf; / gofF ljt/0f ;+oGq nufotsf gofF Jofkfl/s cEof;, / -v_ gofF / k"j{jt b'j} pTkfbgsf] nflu gofF jf ljsl;t k|ljlwsf] k|of]usf ;DaGwdf pTkGg x'g;Sg] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f jf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgLsf] hf]lvdsf] d"Nof+sg / klxrfg ug'{k5{ .

ljQLo ;+:yfsf] xsdf To:tf] hf]lvdsf] d"Nof+sg gofF pTkfbg, Jofkfl/s cEof; jf gofF jf ljsl;t k|ljlwsf] k|of]u ug'{ eGbf klxn] ug'{k5{ . To:tf ;+:yfn] To:tf] hf]lvd 36fpg / Joj:yfkg ug{ d'gfl;a pkfo cjnDag ug'{k5{ .

 

!^=jfo/ 6«fG;km/

/fi6«x?n] ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] cfjZos / ;xL ;|f]tsf ;"rgf tyf jfo/ 6«fG;km/ / ;DalGwt ;Gb]z ;DaGwL cfjZos lxtu|fxL ;"rgf ;dfj]z u/]sf] /  e'QmfgL >[+vnfe/ jfo/ 6«fG;km/ / ;DalGwt ;Gb]z ;DaGwL hfgsf/L /fv]sf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ .

/fi6«x?n] ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] cfjZos ;|f]tbftf jf lxtflwsf/L ;"rgf sfod g/fVg]x?sf] klxrfg ug{] k|of]hgsf] nflu jfo/ 6«fG;km/sf] cg'udg u/]sf] / pko'Qm pkfosf] cjnDag u/]sf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ .

/fi6«x?n] cftÍjfb / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f ;DaGwL k|:tfj g+ !@^& -!(((_ / To; kl5sf k|:tfjx? tyf k|:tfj g+= !#&# -@))!_ h:tf ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3 ;'/Iff kl/ifb\sf] k|:tfjdf pNn]v ul/Psf lhDd]jf/Lx? cg';f/ ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] jfo/ 6«fG;km/sf] k|lqmofsf] ;Gbe{df /f]Ssfsf] sf/afxL u/]sf] / lgwf{l/t JolQm / lgsfo;Fu sf/f]af/ ug{ gkfpg] u/L lgif]w ul/Psf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{  .

lge{/tf, lgoGq0f / ljQLo ;d"x

!&= t];|f] kIf;Fusf] lge{/tf

/fi6«x?n] l;kmfl/; !) df plNnlvt u|fxs klxrfgsf pkfox? ;DaGwL v08 -s_ b]lv -u_ ;Ddsf sfd ug{ jf Joj;fo z'? ug{ t]:f|f] kIfdf lge{/ x'g;Sg] u/L ljQLo ;+:yfx?nfO{ cg'dlt lbg ;S5g\ . t/ b]xfodf plNnlvt dfkb08x? eg] k"/f ug'{k5{ . To:tf] lge{/tfsf] cg'dlt lbOPsf] cj:yfdf u|fxssf] klxrfg ;DaGwL pkfo nfu" ug{] clGtd lhDd]jf/L t];|f] kIf;Fu lge{/ /xg] ljQLo ;+:yfx?df lglxt /xGf]5 .

o; ;DaGwdf k"/f ug'{kg]{ dfkb08 b]xfo adf]lhd 5g\ M 

-s_    t];|f] kIf;Fu lge{/ /x]sf] ljQLo ;+:yfn] l;kmfl/; !) df plNnlvt u|fxs klxrfgsf pkfox? ;DaGwL v08 -s_ b]lv -u_ ;Fu ;DalGwt cfjZos ;"rgfx? t'?Gt k|fKt ug'{k5{ .

-v_    ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] u|fxssf] klxrfg ;DaGwL tYofÍ / u|fxssf] klxrfgsf] nflu cfjZos kg{] cGo ;Da4 b:tfj]h cg'/f]w ugf{ ;fy lagf s'g} l9nfO{ t];|f] kIfaf6 pknAw u/fOg] s'/fdf cfk"m ;Gt'i6 x'g kof{Kt sbd rfNg'k5{ .

-u_    ljQLo ;+:yfx? t]:f|f] kIfsf] lgodg, ;'k/Lj]If0f jf cg'udg ul/Psf] ;DaGwdf / l;kmfl/; !) / !! cg'?k u|fxssf] klxrfg / clen]v ;+/If0f ;DaGwL zt{ kl/kfngfsf] nflu t];|f] kIfn] pkfo cjnDjg u/]sf] s'/fdf :jo+df ;Gt'i6 x'g'k5{ .

-3_    To:tf] zt{ k"/f ug{] t];|f] kIf s'g d'n'sdf cfwfl/t x'g;S5 egL lgwf{/0f ubf{ /fi6«x?n] /fi6«sf] hf]lvdsf] txsf ;DaGwdf pknAw ;"rgfnfO{ b[li6ut ug'{k5{ .

s'g} ljQLo ;+:yf Pp6} ljQLo ;d"xsf] kIf /x]sf] t];|f] kIf;Fu lge{/ /x]sf]df tyf -!_ To:tf] ;d"xn] l;kmfl/; !), !!, !@  cg'?ksf] u|fxssf] klxrfg / clen]v ;+/If0f ;DaGwL zt{ / l;kmfl/; !* cg';f/sf] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lj?4sf sfo{qmd nfu" u5{, / -@_ ;Ifd lgsfoaf6 tL u|fxssf] klxrfg / clen]v ;+/If0f zt{sf] k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog ul/G5 / ;d"xut txdf ;DklQ z'l4s/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lj?4sf sfo{qmdsf] ;'k/Lj]If0f ul/G5 eg] ;DalGwt ;Ifd lgsfon] ljQLo ;+:yfn] o;sf] ;d"xut sfo{qmd dfkm{t dfly plNnlvt v08 -v_ / -u_ cGtu{tsf pkfox? nfu" u/]sf] s'/f ljrf/ ug{ ;S5 / ;f] ;d"x ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lj?4sf gLltx?åf/f /fi6«df /x]sf] pRr hf]lvdnfO{ kof{Kt tl/sfn] sd ul/Psf] cj:yfdf lge{/tfsf] nflu v08 -3_ cfjZos k"j{ zt{ xf]Og eGfL lg0f{o ug{ ;S5 .

!*= cfGtl/s lgoGq0f tyf ljb]ZfL zfvf / ;xfos ;+:yfx?

ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lj?4sf sfo{qmdx? sfof{Gjog ug'{kg]{ u/L Joj:yf ug{'k5{ . ljQLo ;d"xx?n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f ug{] k|of]hgsf] nflu ;f] ;d"xleq gLltx? / ;"rgf cfbfg k|bfg ug]{ sfo{ljlw ;d]tsf ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lj?4sf ;d"xut sfo{qmdx? sfof{Gjog ug'{kg]{ u/L Joj:yf ug{'k5{ .

ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] cfˆgf ljb]zL zfvf tyf cfˆgf] ax'dt :jfldTj ePsf] ;xfos ;+:yfn] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lj?4sf sfo{qmd dfkm{t ljQLo sf/afxL sfo{bnsf] l;kmfl/;  sfof{Gjog ug{] ;DaGwL cfˆgf] d'n'ssf] zt{;Fu cg's"n x'g] u/L ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgoGq0f ;DaGwL pkfox? ckgfPsf] ;'lglZrt ug'{kg{] u/L Joj:yf ug{'k5{ .

!(= pRr hf]lvdo'Qm /fi6«x?

       ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] ljQLo sf/afxL sfo{bnn] tf]s] adf]lhdsf /fi6«sf ljQLo ;+:yf / k|fs[lts tyf sfg"gL JolQm;Fusf] Jofkfl/s ;DaGw / sf/f]af/sf xsdf j[xt\ u|fxs klxrfgsf pkfox? nfu" ug'{kg]{ u/L Joj:yf ug'{k5{ . cjnDag ul/Psf] j[xt\ u|fxs klxrfgsf pkfo k|efjsf/L x'g'sf] ;fy} hf]lvd cg'?ksf] ;dfg'kflts x'g'k5{ .

       /fi6«x? ljQLo sf/afxL sfo{bnn] lglb{i6 u/]sf] cj:yfdf pko'Qm k|lt/f]wL pkfo cjnDag ug{ ;Ifd x'g'k5{ . /fi6«x? ljQLo sf/afxL sfo{bnn]] lglb{i6 gu/]sf] cj:yfdf klg :jtGq ?kdf pko'Qm k|lt/f]wL pkfo cjnDag ug{ ;d]t ;Ifd x'g'k5{ . To:tf k|lt/f]wL pkfox? k|efjsf/L x'g'sf] ;fy} hf]lvd cg'?ksf] ;dfg'kflts x'g'k5{ .

z+sf:kb sf/f]af/sf] k|ltj]bg

@)= z+sf:kb sf/f]af/sf] k|ltj]bg

    s'g} ljQLo ;+:yfnfO{ s'g} /sd cfk/flws lqmofsnfkaf6 k|fKt x'g cfPsf] jf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ul/g] ljQLo nufgL;Fu ;DalGwt xf] eGg] nfu]df jf To:tf] s'/fdf ljZjf; ug'{ kg]{ pko'Qm cfwf/ / sf/0f ePdf To;sf] oyfy{ k|ltj]bg sfg"g adf]lhd ljQLo hfgsf/L OsfO{nfO{ lbg'k5{ .

@!= hfgsf/L lbg] / uf]kgLotf  

ljQLo ;+:yf, ltgsf ;+rfns, clws[t tyf sd{rf/Lx?nfO{ M

-s_  s:tf] k|sf/sf] cfk/flws lqmofsnfk ePsf] xf] eGg] s'/f olsg ;fy yfxf gkfPsf] / jf:tjdf u}/sfg"gL lqmofsnfk x'g uPsf] jf guPsf] h] eP tfklg ltgLx?n] z+sf:kb s'/fsf] hfgsf/L c;n dg;fon] ljQLo hfgsf/L OsfO{df lbPsf] cj:yfdf ltgLx?nfO{ s/f/ jf s'g} sfg"gL, lgodgsf/L jf k|zf;sLo Joj:yfåf/f ;"rgf k|s6 ug{ nufOPsf] s'g} k|ltaGw pNn+3g eP afkt s'g} klg b]jfgL tyf kmf}hbf/L bfloTjaf6 pgLx?nfO{ sfg"g adf]lhd ;+/If0f ul/g' k5{, /

-v_  z+sf:kb sf/f]af/ ;DaGwL k|ltj]bg jf tT;DaGwL ;"rgf jf ljQLo hfgsf/L OsfO{df /x]sf tYo Pj+ ;"rgf v'nf;f ug{ gkfpg] u/L sfg"gåf/f lgif]w ug{'k5{ .

tf]lsPsf] u}/ljQLo k]zfsdL{ jf Joj;foL

@@=u}/ljQLo k]zfsdL{ jf Joj;foLM  u|fxssf] klxrfg

           l;kmfl/; !), !!, !@, !% / !& df plNnlvt u|fxssf] klxrfg / clen]v ;+/If0f ;DaGwL zt{ b]xfosf] cj:yfdf  u}/ljQLo k]zfsdL{ jf Joj;foLsf] xsdf ;d]t nfu" x'G5M–

-s_ Sofl;gf]M tf]lsPsf] y|];xf]N8 a/fa/sf] jf ;f] eGbf a9Lsf] ljQLo sf/f]af/df u|fxs;+nUg ePdf .

-v_ 3/hUuf vl/b jf laqmL Joj;foLM pgLx? 3/hUufsf] vl/b, laqmL jf sf/f]af/;Fu ;DalGwt u|fxs;Fusf] sf/f]af/df ;+nUg ePdf .

-u_   ax'd"No wft' tyf ax'd"No j:t'sf] sf/f]af/ ug{] Joj;foLM pgLx? s'g} u|fxs;Fu tf]lsPsf] y|];xf]N8 a/fa/sf] jf ;f] eGbf a9Lsf] gub sf/f]af/df ;+nUg ePdf .

-3_ sfg"g Joj;foL, gf]6/L, cGo :jtGq sfg"g Aoj;foL / n]vf Joj;foLM pgLx? cfˆgf u|fxssf] nflu b]xfosf ultljlw ;DaGwL sf/f]af/ ug{ tof/ ePsf] jf sf/f]af/ u/]sf]dfM

·              3/hUufsf] vl/b, laqmL

·              u|fxssf] /sd, lwtf]kq jf cGo ;DklQsf] Joj:yfkg,

·              a}+s, art jf cGo lwtf]kq ;DaGwL sfo{sf] Joj:yfkg,

·              sDkgLsf] :yfkgf, ;~rfng / Joj:yfkg ubf{sf avt ul/Psf] of]ubfg tyf nufgLsf] Joj:yfkg,

·              sfg"gL JolQm jf sfg"gL k|aGwsf] ;[hgf, ;+:yfkg, btf{, ;~rfng jf Joj:yfkg  jf s'g} Jofj;flos ;+:yfsf] vl/b / laqmL .

-ª_  6«i6 tyf sDkgL ;]jf k|bfosM pgLx? cfˆgf u|fxssf] nflu b]xfosf ultljlw ;DaGwL sf/f]af/ ug{ tof/ ePsf] jf sf/f]af/ u/]sf]dfM

·       sfg"gL JolQmsf] u7g ;DaGwL Ph]G6sf] ?kdf sfd ug]{,

·       sDkgLsf] ;+rfns jf ;lrj, ;fem]bf/Lsf] ;fem]bf/sf] ?kdf jf cGo sfg"gL JolQmsf] ;DaGwdf To:t} kbdf sfo{ ug]{ -jf cGo JolQmsf nflu To:tf] sfo{ ug{ Joj:yf ldnfpg] sfo{ ug{]_,

·       s'g} sDkgL, ;fem]bf/L jf cGo s'g} sfg"gL JolQm jf sfg"gL k|aGwsf] nflu /lhi68{ sfof{no, Jofkfl/s 7]ufgf jf cfjf;, kqfrf/ ug]{ jf k|zf;sLo 7]ufgf pknAw u/fpg],

·       u'7L -6«i6_ sf] u'7Lof/ -6«i6L_ sf] ?kdf sfd ug{]]{ -jf csf]{ JolQmsf] nflu To:tf] sfo{ ug{] Joj:yf ldnfpg] sfo{ ug{]_ jf cGo :j?ksf] sfg"gL k|aGwsf] nflu ;f] ;/xsf] sfd ug{],

·       csf]{ JolQmsf] nflu dgf]lgt z]o/wgLsf] ?kdf sfo{ ug]{ -jf csf]{ JolQmsf] nflu To:tf] sfo{ ug]{ Joj:yf ldnfpg]_ .

@#=u}/ljQLo k]zfsdL{ jf Joj;foLM cGo pkfox?

    l;kmfl/; !* b]lv @! ;Dd l;kmfl/;df plNnlvt zt{x? b]xfosf] s'/fsf] clwgdf /xL ;a}  tf]lsPsf u}/ljQLo k]zfsdL{ jf Joj;foLsf]] xsdf nfu" x'g]5g\M–

-s_  sfg"g Joj;foL, gf]6/L, cGo :jtGq sfg"g Aoj;fo / n]vf Joj;foLn] l;kmfl/; @@ sf] cg'R5]b -ª_ df pNn]v ul/Psf lqmofsnfk;Fu ;DalGwt ljQLo sf/f]af/df s'g} u|fxssf] nflu jf lghsf] tkm{af6 ;+nUg ePdf pgLx?n] z+sf:kb sf/f]af/sf] k|ltj]bg lbg'kg{] Joj:yf ug{'k5{ . n]vf Joj;foLsf n]vfk/LIf0f nufotsf cGo Joj;flos ultljlwsf] xsdf hfgsf/L lbg'kg]{ zt{ lj:tf/ ug{ /fi6«x?nfO{ ljz]if ?kdf k|f]T;fxg ul/Psf] 5 .

-v_ ax'd"No wft' tyf ax'd"No j:t'sf] sf/f]af/ ug{] Joj;foL s'g} u|fxs;Fu tf]lsPsf] y|];xf]N8 a/fa/sf] jf ;f] eGbf a9Lsf] gub sf/f]af/df ;+nUg ePsf]df pgLx?n] To:tf] z+sf:kb sf/f]af/sf] k|ltj]bg lbg' kg{] Joj:yf ug'{k5{ .

-u_   6«i6 / sDkgL ;]jf k|bfosx? l;kmfl/; @@ sf] cg'R5]b -ª_ df plNnlvt ultljlw;Fu ;DalGwt sf/f]af/df cfˆgf] u|fxssf] nflu jf u|fxssf] tkm{af6 ;+nUg ePdf To:tf] 6«i6 / ;]jf k|bfosn] To:tf] z+:sf:kb sf/f]af/sf] k|ltj]bg lbg' kg{] Joj:yf ug'{k5{ .

 

ª= kf/bzL{tf tyf sfg"gL JolQm jf sfg"gL k|aGwsf] jf:tljs wgL

@$=kf/bzL{tf tyf sfg"gL JolQmsf] jf:tljs wgL

     /fi6«x?n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f jf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgLsf] nflu sfg"gL JolStnfO{ b'?kof]u x'gaf6 /f]Sg] pkfox? cjnDag ug'{k5{ . vf;u/L /fi6«x?n] ;Ifd clwsf/Lx?n] ;dod} k|fKt ug{ jf kx'Fr k|fKt ug{ ;Sg] u/L sfg"gL JolQmsf] jf:tljs wgL / lgoGq0f ;DaGwL kof{Kt, ;xL / ;fdlos ;"rgf pknAw /x]sf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ . vf;u/L, wf/s z]o/ jf wf/s z]o/ k"FhL{ hf/L ug{ ;Sg] sfg"gL JolQmx? ePsf jf dgf]lgt z]o/wgL jf dgf]lgt ;+rfnssf] Joj:yf ug{] sfg"gL JolQmx? ePsf /fi6«x?n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgLsf nflu To:tf sfg"gL JolQmx?sf] b'?kof]u gePsf] ;'lglZrt ug{sf] nflu k|efjsf/L pkfo ckgfpg' k5{ . /fi6«x?n] ljQLo ;+:yf / l;kmfl/; !) / @@ df pNn]v ul/Psf zt{x? kl/kfngf ug{'kg{] k]zfsdL{ jf Joj;foLsf] jf:tljs wgL / ;"rgf lgoGq0fdf kxF'Fr ;xhLs/0f ug{ pkfox?sf] af/]df ljrf/ ug'{k5{ .

 

@%= kf/bzL{tf tyf sfg"gL k|aGwsf] jf:tljs wgL

/fi6«x?n] sfg"gL k|aGwnfO{ ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgLsf] nflu b'?kof]u x'gaf6 /f]Sg] pkfox? cjnDag ug'{k5{ . vf;u/L, /fi6«x?n] ;Ifd clwsf/Lx?n] ;dod} k|fKt ug{ jf kx'Fr k|fKt ug{ ;Sg] u/L 6«i6, 6«i6L / lxtflwsf/L ;DaGwL kof{Kt, ;xL / ;fdflos hfgsf/L pknAw ePsf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ . /fi6«x?n] ljQLo ;+:yf / l;kmfl/; !) / @@ df pNn]v ul/Psf zt{x? kl/kfngf ug{'kg{] u}/ljQLo k]zfsdL{ jf Joj;foLsf jf:tljs wgL / ;"rgf lgoGq0fdf kxF'Fr ;xhLs/0f ug{ pkfox?sf] af/]df ljrf/ ug'{k5{ .

 

r= ;Ifd lgsfosf] clwsf/ / lhDd]jf/L tyf cGo ;+:yfut pkfox?

lgodg / ;'k/Lj]If0f

@^=ljQLo ;+:yfsf] lgodg / ;'k/Lj]If0f

    /fi6«x?n] ljQLo ;+:yfx? Kfof{Kt lgodg / ;'k/Lj]If0fsf] clwgdf /x]sf] / ltgn] ljQLo sf/afxL sfo{bnsf] l;kmfl/; k|efjsf/L ?kdf sfof{Gjog ul//x]sf] s'/f ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ . ;Ifd lgsfo jf ljQLo ;'k/Lj]Ifsn] ck/fwL jf ltgsf ;xof]uLn] s'g} klg ljQLo ;+:yfdf dxTjk"0f{ jf lgoGq0fsf/L lxt wf/0f ug{ jf ;f]sf] jf:tljs wgL x'g jf To:tf] ;+:yfdf Joj:yfksLo lhDd]jf/L lng gkfpg] u/L cfjZos sfg"gL jf lgodgsf/L pkfo cjnDag ug'{k5{ . /fi6«x?n] z]n a}+ssf] :yfkgf ug]{ jf To:tf a}+ssf] lg/Gt/tf lbg] u/L s'g} cg'dlt lbg' x'Fb}g .

Aoj;flos k|of]hgsf nflu k|of]u ul/g] d'Vo l;4fGtx?sf] clwgdf /x]sf ljQLo ;+:yfx?sf] xsdf ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL;Fu ;d]t ;DalGwt d'Vo lgodgsf/L / ;'k/Lj]IfsLo pkfox? ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f tyf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lj?4sf] k|of]hgsf] nflu ;f]xL cg'?k nfu" x'g'k5{ . o;df ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f tyf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f ug{] k|of]hgsf] nflu ;'b[9 ;fd"lxs ;'k/Lj]If0f ;d]t ;dfj]z x'g'k5{ .

cGo ljQLo ;+:yfx?nfO{ ;f] If]qdf ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgLsf] hf]lvdnfO{ b[li6ut u/L Ohfht lbOg] jf btf{ ul/g] / kof{Kt lsl;dn] lgodg ul/g] / ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f tyf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f ug{] k|of]hgsf] nflu ;'k/Lj]If0f jf cg'udgsf] clwgdf /fVg' k5{ . ljQLo ;+:yfn] jf d"Nosf] :yfgfGt/0f ;]jf jf /sd jf d'b|fsf] ;6xL ;'ljwf ;]jf pknAw u/fpg] ePdf sDtLdf klg To:tf ;+:yfn] Ohfhtkq lng'kg{] jf To:tf] ;+:yf btf{ x'g'kg{] / cg'udg / ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f tyf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f ;DaGwL /fli6«o zt{ kl/kfngf ePsf] ;'lglZlrt ug]{ k|efjsf/L k|0ffnLsf] cwLgdf /xg] Joj:yf ug{' kg]{5 .

 

@&= ;'k/Lj]Ifssf] clwsf/

    ;'k/Lj]IfsnfO{ lg/LIf0f ug{] clwsf/ nufot ljQLo ;+:yfx?sf] ;'k/Lj]If0f jf cg'udg ug{] / ;DkQL z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f ;DaGwL zt{x? ljQLo ;+:yfx?af6 kl/kfngf ePsf] ;'lglZrt ug{] kof{Kt clwsf/ x'Gf'k5{ . To:tf] kl/kfngfsf] cg'udg;Fu ;Da4 s'g} klg hfgsf/L k]z ug{ ljQLo ;+:yfnfO{ afWo agfpg] / l;kmfl/; #% cg'?k To:tf]] zt{ kl/kfngf gu/]sf]df sf/afxL / ;hfo ug{ clVtof/L ;'k/Lj]Ifsx?nfO{ x'g'k5{ . cfjZostf cg';f/ ljQLo ;+:yfsf] Ohfhtkq lkmtf{ lng], k|ltaGw nufpg] jf Ohfhtkq lgnDag ug{] nufotsf ljleGg lsl;dsf cg'zf;g / ljQLo sf/afxL / ;hfo ug{] clwsf/ ;'k/Lj]Ifsx?nfO{ x'g'k5{ .

 

 

@*=u}/ljQLo k]zfsdL{ jf Joj;foLsf] lgodg / ;'k/Lj]If0f

Tff]lsPsf u}/ljQLo k]zfsdL{ jf Joj;foL b]xfodf pNn]v eP adf]lhdsf lgofds / ;'kl/j]IfsLo pkfosf] clwgdf /xg] 5g\M

-s_ Sofl;gf]x? ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f tyf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f ug{ cfjZos pkfox?sf] k|efjsf/L ?kdf sfof{Gjog u/]sf] ;'lglZrt ug{] lj:t[t lgods / ;'k/Lj]IfsLo k|0ffnLsf] cwLgdf /xg' k5{M

·              Sofl;gf]x?  Ohfhtk|fKt x'g'k5{,

·              ;Ifd lgsfox?n] ck/fwL / ltgsf ;xof]uL jf Joj:yfkg jf:tljs wgLsf] ks8df lng jf  Sofl;gf] ;~rfns jf Sofl;gf]sf] sfddf cfkm\gf] lgoGq0f /fVgaf6 arfpg cfjZos sfg"gL jf lgofds pkfox? cjnDag ug'{k5{ .  

·              ;Ifd lgsfox?n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f tyf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f ug{ cfjZos zt{x?sf] kl/kfngf ug{sf] nflu Sofl;gf]x?sf] k|efjsf/L ?kdf  ;'k/Lj]If0f ul/Psf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{  .

-v_ /fi6«x?n] cGo k|sf/sf u}/ljQLo k]zfsdL{ jf Joj;foL klg k|efjsf/L cg'udg k|0ffnL / ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f tyf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f ;DaGwL zt{x?sf] kl/kfngf, cg'udg / ;'lglZrt ug{] k|efjsf/L k|0ffnLsf] cwLgdf /x]sf] s'/f ;'lglZrt ug{'k5{ . of] sfo{ hf]lvdsf] ;+j]bgzLntfsf] cfwf/df ;Dkfbg ug'{k5{  . o:tf] sfo{ -s_  ;'kl/j]Ifs, jf -v_ pko'Qm :jlgofds lgsfoaf6 ;Dkflbt x'g ;S5 . t/ To:tf] lgsfon] cfˆgf ;b:ox?n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f tyf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lj?4 n8\g] pgLx?sf] bfloTj kl/kfngf u/]sf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ .

;'k/Lj]Ifs jf :jlgofds lgsfox?n] -s_ …;xL / plrtÚ k/LIf0fsf] cfwf/df JolQmsf] d"Nof+sg ug]{ h:tf sfd u/L ck/fwL jf ltgsf ;xof]uLx?nfO{ Jofj;flos ?kdf cfa4 x'g jf dxTjk"0f{ jf lgoGq0fsf/L lxt wf/0f ug{ jf To:tf] lxtsf] jf:tljs wgL x'g jf Joj:yfksLo sfo{ wf/0f ug{af6 /f]s nufpg] cfjZos pkfox? cjnDag ug{'k5{ / -v_ ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f tyf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f ;DaGwL zt{x? kl/kfngf gePsf] cj:yfdf k|of]u ug{ ;lsg] k|efjsf/L, ;dfg'kflts / lg?T;fxgd"ns ;hfosf] Joj:yf l;kmfl/; g+= #% cg's"n x'g] u/L k|of]u ug{ ;Sg] Joj:yf ug{'k5{ .

;~rfng / sfg"g sfof{Gjog ;DaGwL

@(= ljQLo hfgsf/L OsfO{

/fi6«x?n] -s_ z+sf:kb sf/f]af/ ;DaGwL k|ltj]bg / -v_ ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f, ;Da4 s;"/ / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL;Fu ;Da4 cGo hfgsf/L k|fKt u/L ljZn]if0f ug]{ / ;f] ljZn]if0fsf] glthf k|rf/ k|;f/ ug]{ /fli6«o s]Gb|sf] ?kdf sfo{ ug]{ ljQLo hfgsf/L OsfO{ :yfkgf ug{'k5{ . ljQLo hfgsf/L OsfO{nfO{ ;"rs ;+:yfx?af6 yk hfgsf/L k|fKt ug{ ;Sg] clwsf/ x'g'k5{ / To:tf] OsfO{nfO{ cfˆgf] sfo{ ;d'lrt ?kn] ;Dkfbg ug{ cfjZos ljQLo, k|zf;lgs / sfg"g sfo{Gjog ;DaGwL ;"rgfx? cfjlws ?kdf k|fKt x'g ;xh kx'Fr pknAw x'g'k5{ .

#)= sfg"g sfof{Gjog / cg';Gwfg ug]{ clwsf/Lsf] lhDd]jf/L

/fi6«x?n] tf]lsPsf sfg"g sfo{Gjog ug]{ clwsf/Lx?df ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0fsf] /fli6«o gLltsf] ;+/rgfleq ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL ;DaGwL cg';Gwfg ug]{ lhDd]jf/L /x]sf] ;'lglZrt ug{'k5{ . Go"gtd ?kdf s;"/hGo ;DklQ ;[hgf x'g] d'Vo s;"/;Fu ;DalGwt ;a}} d'2fx?df o:tf tf]lsPsf sfg"g sfof{Gjog ug]{ clwsf/Lx?n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f, ;Da4 s;"/ / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL ;DaGwL s;"/ cg';Gwfg txlssft ubf{ cfˆg} kxndf ;dfgfGt/ ljQLo cg';Gwfg ug{'k5{ . o:tf] cg';Gwfgdf ltgsf] If]qflwsf/ jflx/ ePsf ;Da4 s;"/ ;DaGwL d'2fx? ;d]t ;dfj]z x'g'k5{ . /fi6«x?n] hkmt x'g] jf hkmt x'g;Sg] ;DklQ jf s;"/af6 cflh{t xf] eGg] z++sf nfu]sf] ;DklQ klxrfg ug]{, kQf nufpg] tyf /f]Ssf / lgoGq0f ug]{ sf/afxL k|f/De ug]{ bfloTj ;Ifd clwsf/Lx?df /x]sf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ . /fi6«x?n] ljQLo jf ;DklQ ;DaGwL cg';Gwfgdf ljlzli6s[t 1fg ePsf :yfoL jf c:yfoL ax'ljwfut ;d"xx?sf] cfjZostfg';f/ pkof]u ;d]t ug'{k5{ . /fi6«x?n] cfjZos ePsf avt cGo d'n'ssf pko'Qm ;Ifd clwsf/Lx?;Fu ;dGjofTds ?kn] cg';Gwfg ePsf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ .

#!=sfg"g sfo{Gjog / cg';Gwfg ug]{ clwsf/Lsf] clwsf/

;DklQ z'l4s/0f, ;Da4 s;"/ / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL ;DaGwL s;"/sf] cg';Gwfg ubf{ ;Ifd clwsf/Lx?n] To:tf cg';Gwfg / cleof]hg / ;Da4 sfd sf/afxLdf k|of]u ug{sf] nflu ;a} cfjZos sfuhft / hfgsf/Ldf kx'Fr k|fKt ug{ ;Ifd x'g'k5{ . o;df ljQLo ;+:yf, tf]lsPsf u}/ljQLo k]zfsdL{ jf Joj;foL, tyf cGo k|fs[lts jf sfg"gL JolQmn] /fv]sf clen]v k]z ug{ nufpg], JolQm / kl/;/sf] vfgtnf;L lng], ;fIfLnfO{ askq u/fpg] / b;L k|df0f sAhfdf lng] / k|fKt ug]{ ;DaGwL afWofTds pkfo k|of]u ug{ ;Sg] clwsf/ ;d]t ;dfj]z x''g'k5{ .

cg';Gwfg ;DaGwL sfd sf/jfxL ug]{ ;Ifd clwsf/Ln] ;DklQ z'l4s/0f, ;Da4 s;"/ / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL ;DaGwL s;"/sf] cg';Gwfgsf nflu pko'Qm, Jofks lsl;dsf cg';Gwfg ug]{ k|ljlw cjnDag ug{;Sg] s'/f /fi6«x?n] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ . oL cg';Gwfg k|ljlwx?df c08/se/ ck/]zg, ;+rf/sf] lgu/fgL, sDKo"6/ k|0ffnLsf] d"NofÍg / sG6«f]n 8]lne/L ;d]t ;dfj]z x'G5g\ . ;fy} /fi6«x?n] k|fs[lts jf sfg"gL JolQmn] n]vf /fv]sf] jf lgoGq0f u/]sf] s'/f oyf;dod} klxrfg ug{] k|efjsf/L pkfox? cjnDag u/]sf] x'g'k5{ . /fi6«x?n] ;DklQsf] wgLnfO{ k"j{ hfgsf/L glbO{ ;DklQ klxrfg ug]{ k|lqmof ;Ifd clwsf/Lx?n] cjnDag ug]{ ;'lglZrt ug]{ ;+oGq ;d]tsf] Joj:yf ug'{k5{ . ;DklQ z'l4s/0f, ;Da4 s;"/ / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL ;DaGwL s;"/sf] cg';Gwfg ubf{ ;Ifd clwsf/Lx? ljQLo hfgsf/L OsfO{df /x]sf ;a} ;Da4 hfgsf/L dfu ug{ ;Ifd x'g'k5{ .

#@=gub s'l/o/

gub s'l/o/ / wf/s ljlgd]o clwsf/kqsf] s'l/o/x?n] d'b|fsf] k|ToIf ?kn] ;Ldfkf/ 9'jfgL ubf{ pb\3f]if0f ug'{kg]{ k|0ffnL jf ljj/0f v'nfpg' kg]{ k|0ffnL nufotsf pkfox? cjnDag ug'{k5{ .

/fi6«x?n] cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL, ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f jf ;Da4 s;"/;Fu ;DalGwt ePsf] z+sf ul/Psf jf em'§f ?kdf pb\3f]if0f ul/Psf jf ljj/0f k]z ul/Psf d'b|f jf wf/s ljlgd]o clwsf/kq /f]Sg] jf ltgdf k|ltaGw nufpg sfg"gL clwsf/ cfˆgf ;Ifd clwsf/Lx?nfO{ ePsf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ .

em'§f pb\3f]if0f ug]{ jf em'§f ljj/0f k]z ug]{ JolQmx?sf xsdf k|efjsf/L, ;dfg'kflts / lg?T;fxgd"ns ;hfo ug{ ;lsg] Joj:yf ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ . d'b|f jf wf/s ljlgd]o clwsf/kq cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL, ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f jf ;Da4 s;"/;Fu ;DalGwt ePsf] cj:yfdf /fi6«x?n] To:tf] d'b|f jf wf/s ljlgd]o clwsf/kq hkmt ug{ ;Sg] Joj:yf ug]{ l;kmfl/; $ cg's"nsf] sfg"gL pkfo nufotsf pkfox? ;d]t u|x0f ug'{ k5{ .

;fdfGo zt{x?

##= tYofÍ

/fi6«x?n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0fsf] k|0ffnLsf] k|efjsf/Ltf / bIftf;Fu ;Da4 s'/fx? ;DaGwL lj:t[t tYofÍ clen]v u/L /fVg'k5{ . o:tf tYofÍ clen]vdf k|fKt ul/Psf] / ljt/0f ul/Psf] z+sf:kb sf/f]af/ k|ltj]bg ;DaGwL tYofÍ, ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgLsf] s;"/ ;DaGwL cg';Gwfg, cleof]hg / s;"/ 7x/ ;DaGwL, /f]Ssf, lgoGq0f / hkmt ul/Psf] ;DklQ ;DaGwL / kf/:kl/s sfg"gL ;xfotf jf ;xof]usf nflu cGo cGt/f{li6«o cg'/f]w ;DaGwL tYofÍ ;d]t ;dfj]z x'g'k5{ .

#$= dfu{ lgb]{lzsf / k[i7kf]if0f

;Ifd clwsf/L, ;'kl/j]Ifs / :jlgofds lgsfox?n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f ;DaGwL /fli6«o pkfox? cjnDjg ubf{ / vf;u/L z+sf:kb sf/f]af/ kQf nufO{ ;f]sf] k|ltj]bg lbg] sfd ubf{ ljQLo ;+:yf / tf]lsPsf u}/ljQLo k]zfsdL{ jf Joj;foLnfO{ ;xof]u k'Ug hfg] dfu{lgb]{lzsf hf/L ug'{k5{ / tT;DaGwdf k[i7kf]if0f pknAw u/fpg' k5{ .

;hfo

#%= ;hfo

/fi6«x?n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL lgjf/0f ;DaGwL zt{x? kl/kfngf gug]{ l;kmfl/; g+= ^, / * b]lv @# ;Ddsf l;kmfl/;x?af6 ;d]l6Psf k|fs[lts jf sfg"gL JolQmx?nfO{ Jojxf/ ug{ ljleGg lsl;dsf k|efjsf/L, ;dfg'kflts / lg?T;fxgd"ns kmf}hbf/L, b]jfgL jf k|zf;lgs ;hfosf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ . To:tf ;hfo ljQLo ;+:yfx? / tf]lsPsf u}/ljQLo k]zfsdL{ jf Joj;foLsf] xsdf dfq} geO{ ltgsf ;+rfns / pRr Joj:yfkg ;d]tsf] xsdf nfu" x'g'k5{ .

5= cGt/f{li6«o ;xof]u

#^= cGt/f{li6«o b:tfj]hx?

/fi6«x?n] leogf dxf;lGw, !(**, kfn]df]{ dxf;lGw, @))), e|i6frf/ lj?4sf] ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3Lo dxf;lGw @))# / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL bdg ;DaGwL dxf;lGw, !((( sf] kIf aGg / k"0f{ ?kn] sfof{Gjog ug{ tTsfn} sbd rfNg'k5{ . cfjZostf cg';f/ ;fOj/ ck/fw ;DaGwL o'/f]k]nL kl/ifb\sf] dxf;lGw, @))!, cftÍjfb lj?4sf] cGt/ cd]l/sL dxf;lGw, @))@, s;"/hGo ;DklQsf] z'4Ls/0f, vfgtnf;L, sAhf / hkmt ;DaGwL tyf cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL ;DaGwL o'/f]k]nL kl/ifb\sf] dxf;lGw, @))# h:tf cGo ;Da4 cGt/f{li6«o dxf;lGwx?sf] cg'df]bg / sfof{Gjog ug{ ;d]t /fi6«x?nfO{ k|f]T;fxg ul/Psf] 5 .

#&=kf/:kl/s sfg"gL ;xfotf

/fi6«x?n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f, ;Da4 s;"/ / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL ;DaGwL s;"/sf] cg';Gwfg, cleof]hg / ;DalGwt sf/afxLsf ;DaGwdf ;+ej eP;Ddsf] Jofks txsf] kf/:kl/s sfg"gL ;xfotf zL3|tfk"j{s ;+/rgfTds / k|efjsf/L 9+un] pknAw u/fpg' k5{ . ;xfotf pknAw u/fpgsf] nflu /fi6«x?n] kof{Kt sfg"gL cfwf/ ;[hgf ug{'sf] ;fy} pko'{Qmfg';f/ ;xof]u clej[l4 ug{ ;lGw, k|jGw jf cGo ;+oGqsf] Joj:yf u/]sf] x''g'k5{ . vf;u/L /fi6«x?n],–

-s_ kf/:kl/s sfg"gL ;xfotf pknAw u/fpg lgif]w ug'{ jf tT;DaGwdf a]dgfl;a jf cg'lrt ?kn] k|ltjGwfTds zt{ /fVg' x'Fb}g .

-v_ kf/:kl/s sfg"gL ;xfotf ;DaGwL cg'/f]wsf] ;fdlos k|fyldsLs/0f / sfof{Gjogsf] nflu :ki6 / 5l/tf] k|lqmof ljBdfg /x]sf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ . /fi6«x?n] cg'/f]wsf] k|efjsf/L ;+k|]if0f / sfof{Gjogsf] nflu s]Gb|Lo clwsf/L jf cGo :yflkt clwsfl/s jf cGo :yflkt clwsfl/s ;+oGq k|of]u ug'{k5{ . cg'/f]w ;DaGwL k|ult cg'udg ug{sf] nflu d'2f Joj:yfkg k|0ffnL axfn /fVg'k5{ .

-u_   ;DalGwt s;"/df ljQLo ljifo ;d]t ;dfj]z ePsf] dflgg] eGg] cfwf/df dfq} kf/:kl/s sfg"gL ;xfotfsf] cg'/f]w sfof{Gjog ug{ OGsf/ gug]{ .

-3_ ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] sfg"g adf]lhd uf]Kotf jf uf]kgLotf sfod ug{'kg{] zt{ 5 eGg] cfwf/df kf/:kl/s sfg"gL ;xfotfsf] cg'/f]w sfof{Gjog ug{ OGsf/ gug]{ .

-ª_  /fli6«o sfg"gsf df}lns l;4fGtx?sf] clwgdf /xL cg';Gwfg txlssft jf 5fglagsf] ljZj;lgotf ;+/If0f ug]{ p2]Zon] cfkm"n] k|fKt u/]sf kf/:kl/s sfg"gL ;xfotf ;DaGwL cg'/f]w / tLgdf /x]sf hfgsf/Lsf] uf]kgLotf sfod /fVg] . cg'/f]w ul/Psf] /fi6«n] uf]kgLotfsf] zt{ kfngf ug{ g;s]df ;f] /fi6«n] cg'/f]w ug]{ /fi6«nfO{ cljnDj ;f]sf] hfgsf/L lbg'k5{ .

kf/:kl/s sfg"gL ;xfotfsf] cg'/f]wdf ank"j{ssf] sfd sf/afxL ;dfj]z gePdf /fi6«x?n] bf]xf]/f] cfk/flwstfsf] cefj eP tfklg To:tf] ;xfotf pknAw u/fpg'k5{ . /fi6«x?n] bf]xf]/f] cfk/flwstfsf] cefjdf klg Jofks bfo/fsf] ;xfotfx? pknAw u/fpg ;Sg] u/L cfjZos pkfox? u|x0f ug]{ tkm{ ljrf/ ug'{k5{ .

kf/:kl/s sfg"gL ;xfotfsf] nflu bf]xf]/f] cfk/flwstf cfjZos kg{] zt{ ePdf ;f] ck/fwsf] sfo{÷cfr/0fnfO{ b'j} /fi6«x?n] ck/fwsf] ?kdf kl/eflift u/]sf] cj:yfdf b'j} /fi6«x?n] ;f] ck/fwnfO{ s;"/sf] Pp6} ju{df /fv]sf] jf Pp6} gfd jf zAbfjnLaf6 ;f] s;"/ :yflkt u/]sf] jf gu/]sf] h] eP tfklg To:tf] zt{ k"/f ePsf] dflgg]5 .

l;kmfl/; #! cGtu{t cfjZos clwsf/ tyf cg';Gwfg k|ljlw / tLgsf ;Ifd clwsf/Lx?nfO{ pknAw cGo s'g} clwsf/ / cg';Gwfg k|ljlwdWo];

-s_ ljQLo ;+:yf jf cGo JolQmx?af6 hfgsf/L, sfuhft jf k|df0f -ljQLo clen]v ;d]t_ k]z ug{ nufpg], vfgtnf;L ug]{ / sAhfdf lng] ;DaGwL ;a} clwsf/, /

 -v_ Jofks bfo/fsf cGo clwsf/ / cg';Gwfg k|ljlwx?

 kf/:kl/s sfg"gL ;xfotf jf cg'/f]wsf] xsdf k|of]u ug{ / /fli6«o ;+/rgf cg's"n ePdf ljb]zL Goflos jf sfg"g sfof{Gjog ug]{ clwsf/Laf6 /fli6«o Goflos jf sfg"g sfof{Gjog ug]{ clwsf/Ln] k|fKt u/]sf k|ToIf cg'/f]wsf] xsdf k|of]u ug{ ;Sg] u/L pknAw ePsf] /fi6«x?n] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ .

If]qflwsf/sf] åGå x'g glbg Ps eGbf a9L /fi6«df cleof]hg eO{ /x]sf d'2fx?df Gofosf] /f]xaf6 k|ltjfbL lj?4 cleof]hgsf] nflu ;a}eGbf pQd :yfg -e]g'_ lgwf{/0f ug{sf] nflu ;+oGqsf] Joj:yf / pkof]u ug{ ljrf/ ug'{k5{ . kf/:kl/s sfg"gL ;xfotfsf] cg'/f]w ubf{ /fi6«x?n] To:tf] cg'/f]w sfof{Gjog ug{ cTofjZos cj:yfnfO{ ;d]t b[li6ut ub}{ ;f]sf] oyf;dod} / k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog ug{ ;lsg] u/L k"0f{ tYout / sfg"gL hfgsf/L pknAw u/fpg ;s];Ddsf] k|oTg ug'{k5{ . /fi6«x?n] cg'/f]w k7fpg' cl3 ;xfotf k|fKt ug{ cfjZos sfg"gL zt{ / cf}krfl/stf ;DaGwL Joj:yfx? Plsg ug{ k|of; ug'{k5{ .

kf/:kl/s sfg"gL ;xfotfsf] nflu lhDd]jf/ clwsf/L -pbfx/0fsf] nflu s]Gb|Lo clwsf/L_ nfO{ kof{Kt ljQLo, dfgj / k|fljlws ;|f]t pknAw u/fpg' k5{ . /fi6«x?n] s]Gb|Lo clwsf/Lsf sd{rf/Lx?n] pRr k]zfhGo :t/ Pj+ uf]kgLotf ;DaGwL dfkb08 sfod / kfngf u/]sf] tyf pko'Qm ;Lk xfl;n u/]sf] / pgLx?df pRr g}ltstf ePsf] ;'lglZrt ug]{ sfo{ljlw nfu" ug'{k5{ .

#*=kf/:kl/s sfg"gL ;xfotf M lgoGq0f / hkmt

/fi6«x?n] z'4Ls/0f ul/Psf] ;DklQ, ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f, ;Da4 s;"/ / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL ;DaGwL s;"/af6 k|fKt ;DklQ tL s;"/ ug{ k|of]u ul/Psf] jf k|of]u ug{ vf]lhPsf] ;fwg jf ;f] d"No a/fa/sf] ;DklQ klxrfg, /f]Ssf, lgoGq0f / hkmt ug{ ljb]zL /fi6«af6 ul/Psf] cg'/f]w cg';f/ tTsfn sfd sf/afxL ug{ pgLx?nfO{ clVtof/L ePsf] ;'lgZlrt ug'{k5{ . ;f] clVtof/Ldf tLgsf /fli6«o sfg"gsf df}lns l;4fGtx? k|lts"n gePsf] cj:yfdf bf]ifL 7x/ x'g' k"j{sf] hkmt ;DaGwL sf/afxL / ;Da4 c:yfoL pkfox?sf] cfwf/df ul/Psf cg'/f]w adf]lhd sfd ug{;Sg] clwsf/ ;d]t ;dfj]z x'g'k5{ . /fi6«x?n] To:tf] ;DklQ, ;fwg jf ;f] d"No a/fa/sf] cGo ;DklQsf] Joj:yfkg / hkmt ul/Psf] ;DklQdf lx:;]bf/L nufot sAhf / hkmt ;DaGwL sf/jfxLsf] ;dGjo ug]{ k|aGw ;d]t ug'{k5{ .

#(= ;k'b{uL

/fi6«x?n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgLsf ;DaGwdf ul/Psf] ;k'b{uLsf] cg'/f]wnfO{ cg'lrt ljnDa gu/L ;+/rgfTds / k|efjsf/L lsl;dn] sfof{Gjog ug'{k5{ . /fi6«x?n] cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL, cftÍjfbL sfo{sf] cleof]u nfu]sf JolQm jf cftÍsf/L ;+u7gsf] nflu ;'/lIft :yn gePsf] ;'lglZrt ug{ ;a} ;+ej pkfox? ;d]t ckgfpg' k5{ . vf;u/L, /fi6«x?n] M

-s_  ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgLnfO{ ;k'b{ ug{ ;lsg] s;"/sf] ?kdf Joj:yf ul/Psf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{,

-v_ pko'{Qmfg';f/ k|fyldsLs/0f ug]{ nufot ;k'b{uL ;DaGwL cg'/f]wsf] ;fdlos sfof{Gjog ug{sf] nflu :ki6 / k|efjsf/L k|lqmof axfn /x]sf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{,

-u_  cg'/f]wsf] sfof{Gjogsf] nflu a]d'gfl;a jf cg'ko'Qm k|ltaGwfTds zt{sf] Joj:yf ug'{ x'Fb}g, /

-3_  ;k'b{uLsf] nflu kof{Kt sfg"gL ;+/rgfsf] Joj:yf axfn /x]sf] ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ .

k|To]s /fi6«n] cfˆgf gful/snfO{ ;k'b{ ug{'kg]{ jf s'g} /fi6«n] /fli6«otfsf] cfwf/df dfq} To;/L ;k'b{ gug]{ ePdf To:tf] /fi6«n] ;k'b{uLsf] dfu ug]{ /fi6«sf] cg'/f]wdf cg'lrt ljnDa gu/L ;f] cg'/f]wdf plNnlvt s;"/df cleof]hg ug]{ k|of]hgsf] nflu cfˆgf] ;Ifd clwsf/L ;dIf ;f] d'2f bfo/ ug'{k5{ . tL clwsf/Ln] ;f] /fi6«sf] /fli6«o sfg"g cGtu{t ulDe/ k|s[ltsf] cGo s'g} s;"/sf] xsdf h:t} sf/jfxL / lg0f{o ug'{k5{ . ;DalGwt /fi6«x?n] To:tf cleof]hgsf] bIftf ;'lglZrt ug{ vf;u/L sfo{ljlwut / k|df0f ;DaGwL kIfdf Ps csf{nfO{ ;xof]u ug'{k5{ .

;k'b{uLsf] nflu bf]xf]/f] cfk/flwstf cfjZos kg{] zt{ ePdf ;f] ck/fwsf] sfo{÷cfr/0fnfO{ b'j} /fi6«x?n] ck/fwsf] ?kdf kl/eflift u/]sf] cj:yfdf b'j} /fi6«x?n] ;f] ck/fwnfO{ s;"/sf] Pp6} ju{df /fv]sf] jf Pp6} gfd jf zAbfjnLaf6 ;f] s;"/ :yflkt u/]sf] jf gu/]sf] h] eP tfklg To:tf] zt{ k"/f ePsf] dflgg]5 .

/fli6«o sfg"gsf df}lns l;4fGtx?sf] cwLgdf /xL /fi6«x?n] pko'Qm clwsf/Lx? aLr cGt/sflng -k|f]lehgn_ kqmfpsf] cg'/f]w l;w} ;Dk|]if0f ug{ ;lsg], kqmfp k"hL{ jf km};nfsf] cfwf/df dfq} JolQmx?nfO{ ;k'b{ ug]{ jf ;k'b{uLsf] cf}krfl/s k|lqmof kl/Tofu ug{ ;xdlt lbg] JolQmsf] ;/nLs[t ;k'b{uLsf] Joj:yf ug]{ h:tf ;k'b{uLsf ;/nLs[t ;+oGqx?sf] Joj:yf ug'{k5{ . ;k'b{uLsf] nflu lhDd]jf/ clwsf/Lx?nfO{ kof{Kt ljQLo, dfgj / k|fljlws ;|f]t pknAw u/fpg'k5{ . /fi6«x?n] To:tf clwsf/Lsf sd{rf/Lx?n] pRr k]zfhGo :t/ Pj+ uf]kgLotf ;DaGwL dfkb08 sfod / kfngf u/]sf], pko'Qm ;Lk xfl;n u/]sf] / pgLx?df pRr g}ltstf ePsf] ;'lglZrt ug]{ sfo{ljlw nfu" ug'{k5{ .

$)=cGo lsl;dsf cGt/f{li6«o ;xof]u

/fi6«x?n] cfˆgf ;Ifd clwsf/Lx?n] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f, ;Da4 s;"/ / cftÍjfbL lqmofsnfkdf ljQLo nufgL ;DaGwL s;"/sf ;DaGwdf Jofks bfo/fsf] cGt/f{li6«o ;xof]u zL3|, ;+/rgfTds / k|efjsf/L 9+un] pknAw u/fpg ;Sg] s'/f ;'lglZrt ug'{k5{ . /fi6«x?n] o:tf] ;xof]u :jtM:km"t{ ?kdf / cg'/f]wsf] cfwf/df pknAw u/fpg' k5{ / ;xof]u pknAw u/fpgsf] nflu sfg"gL cfwf/sf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] x'g'k5{ . /fi6«x?n] ;xof]u pknAw u/fpg ;a}eGbf a9L bIf dfWodsf] k|of]u ug'{k5{ . ;Ifd clwsf/LnfO{ ;dembf/Lkq h:tf låkIfLo jf ax'kIfLo ;Demf}tf jf k|aGw cfjZos ePdf Jofks bfo/fsf ljb]zL ;dsIfLx?;Fu To:tf ;Demf}tf jf k|aGwsf] jftf{ u/L ;fdlos ?kn] ;DkGg ug'{k5{ . ;Ifd clwsf/Lx?n] hfgsf/L jf cGo lsl;dsf] ;xfotfsf] cg'/f]wsf] k|efjsf/L ;+k|]if0f / sfof{Gjogsf] nflu :ki6 dfWod jf ;+oGqx?sf] k|of]u ug'{k5{ .

 

 

 

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